Policy reforms and good governance are essential elements to achieving farmer-led food security in a climate-constrained world. In recent decades, international agricultural and trade policies have favoured corporate agribusiness by keeping commodity prices low, dismantling trade barriers and encouraging export-led farm economies at the expense of food self-sufficiency. These policies have marginalized peasant producers who can’t compete with a deluge of subsidized food imports. In the face of climate chaos, climate negotiators have failed to take effective action to stabilize or reduce global greenhouse gas emissions.
Today, under the banner of a “green economy,” market-oriented approaches threaten to intensify commodification, privatization and financialization of the natural world. As pre-conditions for achieving food sovereignty and climate justice, peasant farmers, social movements and civil society organizations are calling for urgent policy reforms that include more inclusive governance regimes. This section examines the impact of trade, aid and agricultural policies and highlights examples of international policies that threaten biodiversity, compromise food security and marginalize smallholder producers.