Food Sovereignty

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There is vast and growing resistance to the social and environmental damage caused by the agro-industrial food system. Millions of people are actively engaged in struggles for locally controlled and socially just food systems. The term “food sovereignty” was defined by La Via Campesina in 1996 as “the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.

In February 2007, more than 500 delegates from 80 countries met in Selingué, Mali, to strengthen the global food sovereignty movement. The landmark Nyéléni Declaration became the platform for food sovereignty movements across the world and identified six pillars, which stated that food sovereignty:

(1) Focuses on food for people
(2) Values food providers
(3) Localises food systems
(4) Places control at the local level
(5) Builds knowledge and skills
(6) Works with nature

Links and Resources

  • International Planning Committee for Food Sovereignty (IPC). (2009). International Planning Committee for Food Soveriengty. Retrieved from
  • Peoples Food Policy (Canada). 2012. Food Secure Canada. Retrieved from
  • Nyéléni. (2007). Declaration of the Forum for Food Sovereignty. Retrieved from

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