Agricultural Biodiversity

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Agricultural biodiversity is the biological cornerstone of world food security, and the key to sustaining and improving food and agricultural production in a climate-constrained world. Biodiversity refers to the diversity of life at all levels – genes, species and the ecosystems of which they are a part – including thousands of genetically distinct varieties of plants and forest trees, animal breeds, fish and aquatic life, as well as insects and the invisible microbes in our soil.

Farmers, forest dwellers, fisherpeople, pastoralists and livestock keepers, both past and present, are the primary creators and conservers of our priceless agricultural biodiversity. Agricultural biodiversity provides much more than our daily bread – it is the basis for fuel, medicine, fibre, tools, shelter, transportation, and a vital component of cultural and religious traditions.

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